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Bharat Ratna Award – List of Bharat Ratna Award recipients

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Bharat Ratna – Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the India. Recommendations to award the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, and a maximum of three people may be awarded in a year. The recipient receives a certificate signed by the President and a peepal leaf shaped medallion.

Bharat Ratna

               

               Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the India. Recommendations to award the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, and a maximum of three people may be awarded in a year. The recipient receives a certificate signed by the President and a peepal leaf shaped medallion.

 

Bharat Ratna

Type – Civilian 

Category – National 

Instituted – 1954

First awarded – 1954

Last awarded – 2015

Awarded by – Government of India

 

List of recipients

Name

Birth

Awarded

Notes

1.

C. Rajagopalachari

1878

1954

Independence activist, last and the only Indian Governor-General of India

2.

C. V. Raman

1888

1954

Physicist from Madras and a Nobel laureate

3.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

1888

1954

Philosopher, India’s First Vice-President (1952–1962), and India’s Second President(1962–1967)

4.

Bhagwan Das

1869

1955

Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth

5.

Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya

1861

1955

Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore

6.

Jawaharlal Nehru

1889

1955

Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister

7.

Govind Ballabh Pant

1887

1957

Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister

8.

Dhondo Keshav Karve

1858

1958

Educator, social reformer

9.

Bidhan Chandra Roy

1882

1961

Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal

10.

Purushottam Das Tandon

1882

1961

Independence activist, educator

11.

Rajendra Prasad

1884

1962

Independence activist, jurist, first President

12.

Zakir Hussain

1897

1963

Independence activist, scholar, third President

13.

Pandurang Vaman Kane

1880

1963

Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

14.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

1904

1966

Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister

15.

Indira Gandhi

1917

1971

Third Prime Minister, first female Prime Minister of India (1966–1977, 1980–1984)

16.

V. V. Giri

1894

1975

Trade unionist and fourth President of India

17.

K. Kamaraj

1903

1976

Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State

18.

Mother Teresa

1910

1980

Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata and Nobel laureate

19.

Vinoba Bhave

1895

1983

Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist

20.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1890

1987

First non-citizen, independence activist

21.

M. G. Ramachandran

1917

1988

Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

22.

B. R. Ambedkar

1891

1990

Posthumous, Chief architect of the Indian Constitution, Crusader against Untouchability, Dalit Icon, Social Reformer, historian, politician, economist, and scholar

23.

Nelson Mandela

1918

1990

Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement and Nobel laureate

24.

Rajiv Gandhi

1944

1991

Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister.

25.

Vallabhbhai Patel

1875

1991

Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister, Was responsible for unification of all Indian princely states.

26.

Morarji Desai

1896

1991

Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister

27.

Abul Kalam Azad

1888

1992

Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education

28.

J. R. D. Tata

1904

1992

Industrialist and philanthropist

29.

Satyajit Ray

1922

1992

Bengali Filmmaker

30.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

1931

1997

Aeronautical Engineer, 11th President of India

31.

Gulzarilal Nanda

1898

1997

Independence activist, interim Prime Minister

32.

Aruna Asaf Ali

1908

1997

Posthumous, independence activist

33.

M. S. Subbulakshmi

1916

1998

Carnatic classical singer

34.

Chidambaram Subramaniam

1910

1998

Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture

35.

Jayaprakash Narayan

1902

1998

Posthumous, independence activist and politician

36.

Ravi Shankar

1920

1999

Sitar player from Calcutta

37.

Amartya Sen

1933

1999

Economist from Kolkata and a Nobel laureate

38.

Gopinath Bordoloi

1890

1999

Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam

39.

Lata Mangeshkar

1929

2001

Playback singer

40.

Bismillah Khan

1916

2001

Hindustani classical shehnai player

41.

Bhimsen Joshi

1922

2008

Hindustani classical singer

42.

C. N. R. Rao

1934

2014

Scientist

43.

Sachin Tendulkar

1973

2014

Cricket player

44.

Madan Mohan Malaviya

1861

2015

Educationist and Politician

45.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

1924

2015

Former Prime Minister of India
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